MATHEMATICA (MATHEMATICS)

математика; математикой охватывается квадривиум: арифметика, геометрия, музыка, астрономия; одна из частей спекулятивного знания; «математическое знание - неотвлеченное, рассматривает вещи без движения. Оно исследует формы тел без материи и потому без движения. Поскольку же эти формы существуют в материи, они не могут быть отделены от тел» (Боэций. Каким образом Троица есть единый Бог // Боэций. Утешение философией. С. 147). По Фоме Аквинскому, «математические предметы не существуют отдельно от бытия, но отделимы друг от друга только в разуме, так как они абстрагированы от движения и материи» (Thomas Aquinas. Sum. Theol. I, q. 5, a. 3, ad 4). Однако они абстрагируются всего лишь от чувственной материи, и этим они отличаются от метафизических предметов.


Латинский словарь средневековых философских терминов. . 1998.

Смотреть что такое "MATHEMATICA (MATHEMATICS)" в других словарях:

  • Mathematica (disambiguation) — Mathematica is a computer algebra system and programming language. Mathematica may also refer to: Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Newton s classic book containing basic laws of physics Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., a policy… …   Wikipedia

  • Mathematics and art — have a long historical relationship. The ancient Egyptians and ancient Greeks knew about the golden ratio, regarded as an aesthetically pleasing ratio, and incorporated it into the design of monuments including the Great Pyramid,[1] the Parthenon …   Wikipedia

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  • Mathematics — Math e*mat ics, n. [F. math[ e]matiques, pl., L. mathematica, sing., Gr. ? (sc. ?) science. See {Mathematic}, and { ics}.] That science, or class of sciences, which treats of the exact relations existing between quantities or magnitudes, and of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • mathematics — /math euh mat iks/, n. 1. (used with a sing. v.) the systematic treatment of magnitude, relationships between figures and forms, and relations between quantities expressed symbolically. 2. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) mathematical procedures,… …   Universalium

  • Mathematica — For other uses, see Mathematica (disambiguation). Mathematica Mathema …   Wikipedia

  • Mathematics — Maths and Math redirect here. For other uses see Mathematics (disambiguation) and Math (disambiguation). Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3r …   Wikipedia

  • MATHEMATICS — Bible The Bible does not deal directly with proper mathematical subjects; however there are some parts that do relate indirectly to different mathematical topics. These are widely discussed by the various commentators on the Bible and Talmud: the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • mathematics, foundations of — Scientific inquiry into the nature of mathematical theories and the scope of mathematical methods. It began with Euclid s Elements as an inquiry into the logical and philosophical basis of mathematics in essence, whether the axioms of any system… …   Universalium

  • mathematics, philosophy of — The philosophy of mathematics attempts to explain both the nature of mathematical facts and entities, and the way in which we have our knowledge of both. Modern philosophy of mathematics began with the foundational studies of Cantor, R. Dedekind …   Philosophy dictionary

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