математика; математикой охватывается квадривиум: арифметика, геометрия, музыка, астрономия; одна из частей спекулятивного знания; «математическое знание - неотвлеченное, рассматривает вещи без движения. Оно исследует формы тел без материи и потому без движения. Поскольку же эти формы существуют в материи, они не могут быть отделены от тел» (Боэций. Каким образом Троица есть единый Бог // Боэций. Утешение философией. С. 147). По Фоме Аквинскому, «математические предметы не существуют отдельно от бытия, но отделимы друг от друга только в разуме, так как они абстрагированы от движения и материи» (Thomas Aquinas. Sum. Theol. I, q. 5, a. 3, ad 4). Однако они абстрагируются всего лишь от чувственной материи, и этим они отличаются от метафизических предметов.

Латинский словарь средневековых философских терминов. . 1998.

Смотреть что такое "MATHEMATICA (MATHEMATICS)" в других словарях:

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